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Friday, July 17, 2020 | History

4 edition of The decontamination of anthrax and other biological agents found in the catalog.

The decontamination of anthrax and other biological agents

United States

The decontamination of anthrax and other biological agents

Hearing before the Committee on Science, House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, first session, November 8, 2001

by United States

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Published by For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O. [Congressional Sales Office] .
Written in English


The Physical Object
FormatUnknown Binding
Number of Pages126
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL10113882M
ISBN 100160669618
ISBN 109780160669613
OCLC/WorldCa49828236

Other biological agents may not be related to bioterrorism, yet still present as a major public health threat. Examples include Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) pandemic that occurred in , the H1N1 influenza pandemic that occurred in April and the Ebola outbreak of Table of Contents Biosafety Levels 1 Historical Risk Factors Bacterial Diseases Cutaneous Anthrax 4 Pulmonary Anthrax 5 Gastrointestinal Anthrax 6 Tularemia 7 Bubonic and Septicemic Plague 8 Pneumonic Plague 9 Brucellosis 10 Q Fever 11 Glanders 12 Melioidosis 13 Epidemic Typhus 14 Viral Diseases.

  Findings have already been used as a guide to help decontaminate other incidents, including decontamination following the ricin events. The results of this research will help provide state and local leaders, on-scene coordinators, waste managers and others with a guideline for effective decontamination in the event of a biological threat. The release of nerve gas in the Tokyo subways, the spread of biological weapons, and the anthrax attack of in the United States demonstrate that not only is the threat of such menacing weapons real, but also that we must urgently prepare .

Gruinard Island, off the coast of Scotland, was contaminated in by a test use of anthrax spores by the United Kingdom and the United States; the island remained uninhabitable for decades. The United States developed anthrax spores, botulinum toxin, and other agents as biological weapons but did not use them. While cutaneous anthrax infections account for about 95% of all human anthrax cases, there are other, more serious forms of anthrax: inhalation, gastrointestinal, meningeal and injectional. Inhalation (lung) anthrax has initial symptoms that may resemble the common "flu,' including fever, muscle ache, mild cough and chest pain.


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The decontamination of anthrax and other biological agents by United States Download PDF EPUB FB2

The Decontamination of Anthrax and Other Biological Agents THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 8, A.M.– P.M. RAYBURN HOUSE OFFICE BUILDING Purpose On Thursday, November 8, the House Committee on Science will hold a hearing to receive testimony regarding the decontamination of anthrax and other biological agents from public facilities.

Biological Decontamination. The first step in avoiding contamination by biological agents is to protect your body. Common good health habits help. There is a lot you can do to protect yourself in other ways too. A number of books and manuals are available on the subject of biological/ chemical decontamination.

Get this from a library. The Decontamination of anthrax and other biological agents: hearing before the Committee on Science, House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session, November 8, [United States.

Congress. House. Committee on Science.]. A 10% solution of household bleach is widely used for decontamination of surfaces and tools exposed to biological agents including B. anthracis spores. However, it requires long contact times (Table 1) to inactivate spores, is corrosive for certain grades of stainless steel, and is highly unstable in the diluted by: 4.

B. anthracis spores can be used as a biological Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) classifies agents with recognized bioterrorism potential into three categories: A, B and C. Anthrax is classified as a Category A agent. One factor contributing to this classification is the ability of B.

anthracis spores to persist in the environment for many years. Serve as Biological Safety Officer to (1) plan, develop, and conduct programs to identify, assess, and correct unusual hazardous situations, peculiar to biomedical research, (2) provided expert consultation and technical assistance to the NIH and extramural biomedical research community regarding biosafety that involved biological agents and.

A decontamination formulation and method of making that neutralizes the adverse health effects of both chemical and biological compounds, especially chemical warfare (CW) and biological warfare (BW) agents, and toxic industrial chemicals.

A biological agent (also called bio-agent, biological threat agent, biological warfare agent, biological weapon, or bioweapon) is a bacterium, virus, protozoan, parasite, or fungus that can be used purposefully as a weapon in bioterrorism or biological warfare (BW).

In addition to these living or replicating pathogens, toxins and biotoxins are also included among the bio-agents. Trained FBI, U.S. Coast Guard, independent contractors, and other personnel in appropriate anthrax decontamination procedures.

Worked with EPA, the Office of the Senate Sergeant at Arms, the U.S. Capitol Police, and others to determine that remediated Congressional buildings were ready for reooccupancy.

Decontamination Procedures Decontamination Advisory - Clean up of Suspicious Powder/Substance (Antrhrax Concern) The specific decontamination procedure to be recommended depends on the specific circumstances.

Use common sense in assessing situations. Anthrax is transmitted only by direct skin contact or direct inhalation of aerosolized. Anthrax is an infection caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis.

It can occur in four forms: skin, lungs, intestinal, and injection. Symptom onset occurs between one day to over two months after the infection is contracted. The skin form presents with a small blister with surrounding swelling that often turns into a painless ulcer with a black : Bacillus anthracis.

Decontamination foam (known commonly as Decon foam) is a spray-on cleaning solution that, due to its physical properties, has a longer residence time on contaminated surfaces than regular liquids and thus provides efficient decontamination of biological and chemical contaminants (e.g., chemical warfare agents, anthrax spores or other toxic industrial materials.

Biological decontamination, disinfection or sanitization. been on the front lines for the threats of anthrax, SARS, and H1N1. and under what conditions you can expect these agents to. Any other use is prohibited.

Anthrax: An Agent of Biological Warfare Teresa Thiel, Ph.D. University of Missouri-St. Louis As tensions with Iraq have increased, so has the U.S.

government’s concern about weapons of war that are based on biological or chemical agents. One such weapon is the agent of the disease called anthrax.

The Air Mobility Command-hosted demonstration of the Joint Biological Agent Decontamination System (JBADS) several weeks ago, signaled the multi-year project is coming to a close. The success of the new technology is the result of collaboration among several Defense Department and other government organizations.

The principal disinfecting agents for destruction of anthrax spores are formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde (at pH –), hydrogen peroxide and peracetic acid (Dietz & Böhm, ; Böhm, ).

Chlorine dioxide was the alternative chosen in the USA for decontamination of rooms following the anthrax letter events of   Researchers study decontamination of chemical, biological warfare agents Ap The U.S. Army Research Office has awarded Virginia Tech a $, grant over two years to build an instrument that can be used to study the chemistry of gases that will decompose both chemical and biological warfare agents on surfaces.

Suggested Citation:"4 Anthrax Decontamination After the Attacks: Social and Political Context." National Research Council.

Reopening Public Facilities After a Biological Attack: A Decision Making Framework. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

doi: / Chemical and biological warfare agents are continuing threats to the military on the battlefield as well as to civilians in the form of terrorist attacks.

When material becomes contaminated with these agents, it must be decontaminated before it can be used or disposed of, and the extent of decontamination required will depend on the intended : Hardcover. Anthrax, Smallpox, plague and botulism are examples of this type of biological agent B Type of biological agents that are moderately easily to disseminate, have moderate morbidity, low mortality, potential for major health impacts and require enhancement of CDCs diagnostic capacity and disease surveillance.

Tecomak provide a range of on-site biological decontamination and sterilisation services that can deliver a 6-log reduction of viruses, spores and fungi. We validate the efficacy of our decontamination process using stainless steel biological indicators that are populated with sixlog Geobacillus Stearothemophilus spores.biological or radiological material, using gentle friction, such as rubbing with hands, cloth or sponges is recommended to aid in removal of the contamination.

• Rubbing should start with the head and proceed down the body to the feet. • Secondary File Size: KB.Objective To develop consensus-based recommendations for measures to be taken by medical and public health professionals following the use of .